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|Did the Aztecs allow divorce?|
|What did the Spanish do after the native population collapsed?|
|Why did the Aztecs dance when they fought?|
Answers from 2016
|Is the chewing gum tree only found in Mexico?|
|Who invented the 20-day calendar?|
|Did they carry on playing the ballgame in pouring rain?|
|Why did Maya houses have no windows? (2)|
|Most interesting fact you’ve come across about the Aztecs (3)|
|Did the Aztec gods ever make a sign or an appearance?|
|Most interesting fact you’ve come across about the Aztecs (2)|
|What toys did Aztec children play with?|
|How long were Aztec children held over smoking chillies for?|
|After the ballgame did they do human sacrifices straight away?|
|Why did Aztec houses have no windows?|
|Most interesting fact you’ve come across about the Aztecs|
Answers from 2015
|Were babies stolen from mothers in Aztec markets?|
|Could Aztec children go to the market on their own?|
|Which was the most sacred animal for the Aztecs?|
|Did the Aztecs have hospitals?|
|Which was the Aztecs’ favourite game?|
|If the Aztecs died of old age how long did they expect to live for?|
|Did the Maya and Aztecs take feathers for headdresses from other birds|
|Which was the greatest [Aztec] goddess?|
|Why did [Maya] houses have no windows?|
|Have any ancient rubber balls been found?|
|If you died from hunger or disease, which underworld would you go to?|
|When you find something buried, how do you know it’s Aztec?|
Answers from 2014
|Why is it better to support loads on the head and not on the shoulders|
|Would you like to have lived in Aztec times?|
|How did the Aztecs decide what to make musical instruments out of?|
|Why did the Aztecs sacrifice the men and not the women?|
|Did the Aztecs bury things for future generations like us to find?|
|Why did the Aztec gods destroy the four previous worlds?|
|What was the highest position a woman could reach?|
|Did the Aztecs began as a small, peaceful, wandering tribe?|
|Do you know the names of all the Aztec gods?|
|Why is the original gold pendant in England?|
|Did the Aztecs ever meet the Incas?|
|When did the Aztecs stop using cacao beans for money?|
Answers from 2013
|Why always THREE hearth stones?|
|How did they know the Fifth Sun would be destroyed by an earthquake?|
|Did the Aztecs do any sacrifices taking out the liver?|
|Were Aztec marriages arranged?|
|How did a warrior put on the skin of an eagle?|
|Which was the second biggest town/city in Aztec times?|
|Did the Aztecs have a particularly BAD ruler, like we had Henry VIII?|
|What did ordinary Aztec people turn into in the afterlife?|
|Would a son inherit the family house from his father when he grew up?|
|Did the Aztecs breed exotic birds like the quetzal for their feathers?|
|How did scribes get rid of mistakes when they wrote their books?|
|How were the stars created?|
Answers from 2012
|Which museum has the most Aztec objects in it?|
|Did the Aztecs work at night?|
|Being held over burning chiles: differences between boys and girls?|
|Why did Aztec shields have patterns on them?|
|What was the Aztecs’ most prized possession? (2)|
|Did the Aztecs have cenotes [sacred wells or sinkholes] or caves?|
|Which was the biggest group [job sector] in Aztec society?|
|Did the Aztecs force you to be who you were - 2?|
|How many people watched the [ball]game?|
|Were there medical teams on hand [in ballgames] in case of injuries?|
|Why didn't Aztec houses have doors?|
|Did the Aztecs use the pottery wheel to make their pottery?|
Answers from 2011
|What was the Aztecs’ most prized possession?|
|Why was the statue of the earth goddess re-buried?|
|What did they do with the shells of armadillos after eating the meat?|
|Did the Aztecs say a prayer before eating?|
|Why is the emperor called Montezuma [in England] and not Moctezuma?|
|Did people get paid for cleaning the city?|
|Did the Aztecs carve eagles and jaguars on their drums as messengers?|
|Were there rich and poor in Aztec times?|
|What animals did they sacrifice? Do people still sacrifice animals?|
|Did the Aztecs force you to be who you were - 1?|
|How did the Spanish translate what the Aztecs wrote?|
|What sort of gadgets did the Aztecs have?|
Answers from 2010
|Did they have the same seasons as we do?|
|Were there more diseases among the English than among the Aztecs?|
|Did they send post (mail)?|
|Were there any laws about getting married and have children?|
|Who was the first archaeologist to find out about the Aztecs?|
|Did Aztecs believe in war before they settled in Tenochtitlan?|
|Why do the 20 day signs run ANTI-clockwise on the Sunstone?|
|Why was the Sun God called Tonatiuh?|
|What happened to the Aztec gods after the conquest - 2?|
|What happened to the Aztec gods after the conquest - 1?|
|Why did the Aztecs only use wheels for toys and not for transport?|
|Is Náhuatl taught in Mexican schools today?|
Answers from 2009
|Why did many Aztec musical instruments have animal designs on them?|
|Which was the Aztecs’ most fearsome weapon?|
|How old was the oldest codex?|
|Did the Spanish have an interpreter when they conquered the Aztecs?|
|Have traces of real blood been found on the sacrifice knife blades?|
|Did the Aztecs know of different star constellations?|
|Did they take feathers equally from male and female quetzal birds?|
|What if an Aztec warrior died or was killed in battle?|
|When the Aztecs went to war, did they use any [special] tactics?|
|Why do there seem to be two domino pieces on the Sunstone?|
|Did the Aztecs like symmetry?|
|Why did they call them ‘chinampas’?|
Answers from 2008
|How did Aztec people tell the time?|
|Why did Moctezuma think that Cortés looked like Quetzalcoatl?|
|Where did the aqueduct go to (from Tenochtitlan)?|
|Did the Aztecs mark the landscape in any way when someone died?|
|How many planets did the Aztecs believe existed?|
|Was Snake Woman an Aztec empress?|
|Did the Aztecs think the earth was round or flat?|
|Is it true the Aztecs learned the cycle of Venus from the Maya?|
|Which pet was the Aztecs’ favourite?|
|Did they have First Aid?|
|How big was the Aztec army?|
|Why didn’t the Aztecs ask their gods to save them?|
Answers from 2007
|How many words were there in the Aztec language?|
|Do we only get food words or are there other Aztec derived words?|
|Do any Mexican communities still follow the old religion?|
|Is it true the Aztecs made a sacrifice (on average) every 10 minutes?|
|Why did they put holes [gaps] in the [upright huehuetl] drums?|
|Are Spanish children taught about what happened to the Aztecs?|
|What do the two snakes on the Sunstone mean?|
|Which parts of the Day of the Dead festival go back to the Aztecs?|
|When did the 5 ‘useless’ days come in the Aztec calendar?|
|What was the emperor’s house like?|
|Did most words in the Aztec language end in -tl?|
Answers from 2006
|Was there any contact between the Aztecs and the ancient Egyptians?|
|How much energy can you get from one cocoa bean?|
|What is the strangest thing you have ever learnt about the Aztecs?|
|Physically how were the skulls stuck into the skullracks?|
|Did the Aztecs have a god of snow?|
|Did the Aztecs have different types of chewing gum to today’s?|
|What tools did the Aztecs use to make their jewellery with?|
|What was the point of the skull rack?|
|Which was the most powerful Aztec god?|
|Why did the Aztecs worship maize?|
|Did the taco come from the cigarette, or the cigarette from the taco?!|
|Did the Aztecs wear winter clothes?|
Answers from 2005
|Which was the most deadly insect in the country in Aztec times?|
|Did the Aztecs use make-up?|
|Why were cocoa beans so valuable?|
|Which was the most precious colour for the Aztecs and why?|
|How did the hearts actually get to the gods?|
|What did Aztec children learn in school?|
|How long did it take the Aztecs to realise that Cortes was not a god?|
|Which were the most common crimes among the Aztecs?|
Answers from 2004
|Were there women warriors?|
|Did the Aztecs have kings and queens?|
It always seems a shame to us that some of these questions aren’t shared with wider audiences, and given more ‘polished’ and considered answers. So... our plan is to publish the best questions, together with brief but expert answers. We hope that, as the service develops, schools - and everyone - will find this a unique resource - authoritative, balanced, interactive and genuinely accessible.
Winter 2016-17: we are privileged to have an expanding team of - 90! - world-class and distinguished scholars on our Panel. Honorary President Professor Miguel León-Portilla received in 2009 from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) its greatest distinction, the Eagle Warrior Award, a sculpture that represents a Mexica fighter, presented to academics and researchers that have made important contributions to Mexican history.
Above: Mexicolore Director Ian Mursell puts a question on behalf of a school to Dr Leonardo López Luján, Director of the Templo Mayor Project in Mexico City.
Diego Rivera mural of the market of Tlatelolco
the native population collapsed?
the ballgame in the pouring rain?
have no windows? (2)
you’ve come across about the Aztecs? (3)
a sign or an appearance?
you’ve come across about the Aztecs?
human sacrifices straight away?
have no windows?
about the Aztecs?
did people try to steal their babies?
go to the market by themselves?
animal for the Aztecs?
how long could they expect to live?
from other birds [other than quetzals]?
rubber balls been found?
which underworld would you go to?
how do you know it’s Aztec...?
using the forehead and not shoulders?
in Aztec times?
what to make their musical instruments out of?
and not women?
for future generations like us to find?
they themselves had created?
an Aztec woman could reach?
in England? Is it pirate gold?
ever meet the Incas?
would be destroyed in an earthquake?
by taking out the liver?
or city in Aztec times?
a particularly BAD ruler?
what did ordinary Aztec people turn into?
inherit the family house?
like the quetzal for their feathers?
correct their mistakes?
how were the stars created?
the most Aztec objects in it?
work at night?
the same ‘burning chillies’ punishment?
have patterns on them?
late entry - richly decorated clothing
- sacred wells or sinkholes?
in Aztec society?
to be who you were?
for the ritual ballgame?
in case of injuries in the ballgame?
not have doors?
by the Aztecs to make pottery?
above all else...?
of the earth goddess Coatlicue?
with an armadillo shell?
for many, many things...
in Montezuma come from?
their city of Tenochtitlan clean?
when carved on Aztec/Mexica drums?
in Aztec times?
and do people still do this today?
to change social class?
‘Always easily, but perhaps never perfectly...’
- the English or the Aztecs?
send mail (post)?
when Aztecs could marry?
demonized and reburied!
‘from the word go’?
following the direction of ancient sacred circuits
after the Spanish Conquest? (2)
after the Spanish Conquest? (1)
somewhere fairly flat...
still taught today in Mexican schools?
and the sound of animals helped in establishing contact
understand each other?
on the sacrifice knife blades?
did the Aztecs recognise?
that has the longest feathers...
when they went to war?
No. HE was Prime Minister!
as one of 3 vertical levels
from the Maya?
... The Dog and Turkey
then dress it with warm cactus sap...
was the Aztec army?
have saved them from the Spanish?
in Náhuatl, the Aztec language?
from the Aztec language...
are still visible today in Mexico
a human sacrifice every 10 minutes?
- and so did the drums!
...’Heroes with a capital "H"’
What do the 2 on the Sunstone mean?
truly ‘fit for an emperor’
... you can pronounce many Aztec words
were worlds apart in time and space
have kept the doctor away?
is that they wrote beautiful poetry about the shortness of life and what would happen after death’
did the Aztecs get?
... sign of a good harvest, or a punishment?
- up a gum tree...
- made with beautifully simple techniques
who were they trying to impress?
the most powerful Aztec god of them all?
... ‘money’ truly grew on trees!
...’turquoise’ meant much more than just a precious stone
... lay in offerings to the Sun god
... was pretty much universal
... Cortés had nothing in common with a god!
under the Aztecs